[PDF] Download ↠ Who? | by ✓ Algis Budrys


  • Title: Who?
  • Author: Algis Budrys
  • ISBN: null
  • Page: 391
  • Format: Paperback

  • Martino was a very important scientist, working on something called the K 88 But the K 88 exploded in his face, and he was dragged across the Soviet border There he stayed for months When they finally gave him back, the Soviets had given him a metal armd an expressionless metal skull So how could Allied Security be sure he actually was Martino
    Algis Budrys
    Algis Budrys was a Lithuanian American science fiction author, editor, and critic He was also known under the pen names Frank Mason , Alger Rome , John A Sentry , William Scarff , Paul Janvier , and Sam Janet Argo.Called AJ by friends, Budrys was born Algirdas Jonas Budrys in K nigsberg in East Prussia He was the son of the consul general of the Lithuanian government, the pre World War II government still recognized after the war by the United States, even though the Soviet sponsored government was in power throughout most of Budrys s life His family was sent to the United States by the Lithuanian government in 1936 when Budrys was 5 years old During most of his adult life, he held a captain s commission in the Free Lithuanian Army.Budrys was educated at the University of Miami, and later at Columbia University in New York His first published science fiction story was The High Purpose, which appeared in Astounding Science Fiction in 1952 Beginning in 1952 Budrys worked as editor and manager for such science fiction publishers as Gnome Press and Galaxy Science Fiction Some of his science fiction in the 1950s was published under the pen name John A Sentry , a reconfigured Anglification of his Lithuanian name Among his other pseudonyms in the SF magazines of the 1950s and elsewhere, several revived as bylines for vignettes in his magazine Tomorrow Speculative Fiction, is William Scarff He also wrote several stories under the names Ivan Janvier or Paul Janvier He also used the pen name Alger Rome in his collaborations with Jerome Bixby.Budrys s 1960 novella Rogue Moon was nominated for a Hugo Award, and was later anthologized in The Science Fiction Hall of Fame, Volume Two 1973 His Cold War science fiction novel Who was adapted for the screen in 1973 In addition to numerous Hugo Award and Nebula Award nominations, Budrys won the Science Fiction Research Association s 2007 Pilgrim Award for lifetime contributions to speculative fiction scholarship In 2009, he was the recipient of one of the first three Solstice Awards presented by the SFWA in recognition of his contributions to the field of science fiction.Budrys was married to Edna Duna they had four sons He last resided in Evanston, Illinois He died at home, from metastatic malignant melanoma on June 9, 2008.

    WHO Avian and other zoonotic influenza Animal influenza viruses are distinct from human seasonal influenza viruses and do not easily transmit between humans However, zoonotic influenza viruses animal influenza viruses that may occasionally infect humans through direct or indirect contact can cause disease in humans ranging from a ICD Version WHO World Health Organization ICD Online contains the ICD International Classification of Diseases th Revision Participants Bilderberg Meetings Turin, Italy June CHAIRMAN STEERING COMMITTEE Castries, Henri de FRA , Chairman, Institut Montaigne PARTICIPANTS Achleitner, Paul M DEU , Chairman Supervisory Board, Deutsche Bank AG Treasurer, Foundation Bilderberg

    ICD Version WHO World Health Organization Quick Search Help Quick search helps you quickly navigate to a particular category It searches only titles, inclusions and the index and it works by starting to search as you type and provide you options in a dynamic dropdown list. Participants Bilderberg Meetings Turin, Italy June CHAIRMAN STEERING COMMITTEE Castries, Henri de FRA , Chairman, Institut Montaigne PARTICIPANTS Achleitner, Paul M DEU , Chairman Supervisory Board, Deutsche Bank AG Treasurer, Foundation Bilderberg

    Participants Bilderberg Meetings Turin, Italy June CHAIRMAN STEERING COMMITTEE Castries, Henri de FRA , Chairman, Institut Montaigne PARTICIPANTS Achleitner, Paul M DEU , Chairman Supervisory Board, Deutsche Bank AG Treasurer, Foundation Bilderberg

    WHO World Health Organization WHO concerned about access to health services for displaced people in southern Syria July News Release WHO Avian and other zoonotic influenza Animal influenza viruses are distinct from human seasonal influenza viruses and do not easily transmit between humans However, zoonotic influenza viruses animal influenza viruses that may occasionally infect humans through direct or indirect contact can cause disease in humans ranging from a ICD Version WHO World Health Organization Quick Search Help Quick search helps you quickly navigate to a particular category It searches only titles, inclusions and the index and it works by starting to search as you type and provide you options in a dynamic dropdown list. Participants Bilderberg Meetings Turin, Italy June CHAIRMAN STEERING COMMITTEE Castries, Henri de FRA , Chairman, Institut Montaigne PARTICIPANTS Achleitner, Paul M DEU , Chairman Supervisory Board, Deutsche Bank AG Treasurer, Foundation Bilderberg


    Commentaires:

    Stephen
    DAMMIT FELLOW SF FANS does Algis Budrys fly so silently under your radar? The more sublimely penetrating stories I read by this quiet magician, the greater my bowel irritation that he isn't given his propers as a maestro of thoughtful, intelligent SF like this: This is well-crafted, psychological journey that happens to be wrapped in the trappings of a fantastic science fiction mystery. At its heart, this is a keenly insightful discussion on the nature of identity and what makes a person WHO th [...]

    Bandit
    Lucas Martino, an American genius disfigured in a lab snafu and remade by the other side with metal parts, returns to his country. But as a hero or a traitor? How can the national security ascertain the identity of a man whose face they cannot see and mind they cannot read? Especially during the heightened paranoia of the ultimate stand off.Continuing with my recently acquired collection of old(er) scifi and finally a real treasure. A book that has completely lived up to its propitious reviews. [...]

    manuti
    Le he puesto 4 estrellas, pero serían más bien 3,5. La novela es corta pero más o menos intensa y los personajes interesantes y relativamente profundos. Hay reflexiones interesantes y una curiosa forma de ver el mundo completamente científica por parte del personaje principal. El arranque me ha recordado al de Michaelmas aunque en este caso el desaparecido es el protagonista y no un secundario. Bastante recomendable.

    Christian D.Orr
    Cold War sci-fi/espionage novel classicI stumbled across this "unrecognised classic of SF" (as the Locus review put it) almost by accident; I saw the 1973 filmic adaptation (starring Elliott Gould) on late night TV as a pre-teen kid back in the 1980s, recently decided to look up the film for nostalgic reasons, and learned of the book in the process. The novel is quite readable and enjoyableRANDOM STREAM OF CONSCIOUSNESS NOTES AND OBSERVATIONS (and noteworthy passages):--Shawn Rogers, from ANG Se [...]

    Tony
    WHO? (1958). Algis Budrys. ****. Budrys was a Lithuanian-American who came to this country with his parents in the late 1930s. He got into the science fiction field via short stories and editing and went on to wite novels and screenplays in this genre under lots of pseudonyms. This novel was adapted into a film featuring Elliot Gould and Trevor Howard entitled, “Robo Man,” apparently a real turkey. The novel itself, however, presents an interesting twist on the determination of a man’s ide [...]

    Bob Rust
    Who? (1955) grafts an abstract vision of the existential extremity of mankind's condition on to an ostensibly orthodox sf plot in which it must be determined whether or not a prosthetically rebuilt and impenetrably masked man (Cyborgs) is in fact the Scientist vital to the US defense effort whom he claims to be; the ultimate indeterminacy of his Identity gives this novel a decidedly unAmerican resonance.

    Sheri Sebastian-gabriel
    It's a crying shame Budrys doesn't get the respect of the other science fiction greats. He should be right up there with Asimov or Clarke, but I digress.Who? is a wonderful piece of Cold War-era SF that seems quaint by today's standards. The basic premise is that an Allied scientist named Lucas Martino is horribly disfigured in an explosion while working on the secret K-88 project. The Soviets get to him before the Americans can, and save his life by replacing some of his organs with synthetic d [...]

    Rafeeq O.
    Algis Budrys' 1958 Who? is an exquisite science fiction novel evoking the height of the Cold War, when the Iron Curtain was still almost impenetrable, and tit-for-tat incidents were escalated both as signals of military resolve and for propaganda value at home and abroad.When the laboratory of American scientist Lucas Martino, who spearheaded the ultra-secret K-88 project, explodes near the East-West border in Europe, Soviet "rescue" teams reach the maimed survivor first. Yet who is the reconstr [...]

    Peter Sprengelmeyer
    Okay - I read this because it was part of a collection and might not have otherwise picked it up. Interesting period piece about the Cold War and personal identity. Loved that all of the loose ends are not tied up with a bow. Wished that the themes could have been more richly explored. A good worthwhile read - had not read this author before and appreciated it.

    Jessy
    4.5 estrellasMuy interesante y desesperante este libro. Me daba mucha ansiedad todo, nunca me había puesto a pensar en lo importante que es poder identificar a alguien, y ahora alguien a cargo de un proyecto súper secreto pues lo es mucho más. Es cierto, nunca se podría estar seguro en una situación como esa.

    William Cardini
    Who? by Algis Budrys is a psychologically tense Cold War SF story, twined around the titular question: who is this faceless cyborg sent back into Western territory by the Soviets – a spy or the brilliant American scientist he claims to be? Lucas Martino is horribly injured in an explosion while he’s working in a top-secret government research project. The Soviets kidnap him from the wreckage for questioning but he can only be saved by an operation that covers his head in an expressionless me [...]

    SF_Fangirl
    I am rating this 3.75 stars. I am a fan of classic sci fi and I have wanted to read Who? since I read the plot description. It did not disappoint. It was a classic cold war sci fi paranoia story. It is a product of its time, and I supposed you could say that the Western Allies (Allied National Government) and the Soviet/Communist cold war dates it, but instead it felt to me like an AU. To be honest I totally imagined this taking place in a slightly altered 60s and didn't really figure out it was [...]

    Amanda
    I was excited to read this book because the idea of a transhumanist/cyborg American made that way by the Soviets has a James Bond like appeal. Unfortunately, it feels a bit more dated than I was anticipating, as well as compared to other older scifi, and doesn’t fully address some questions it raises.Immediately, there are a couple of plot holes that aren’t addressed until close to the end of the book, which made it a bit frustrating to read. First, why did the Allies put their best scientis [...]

    George K.
    Πραγματικά αριστουργηματικό βιβλίο, που δυστυχώς δεν είναι τόσο γνωστό όσο έπρεπε να είναι. Όχι ακριβώς βιβλίο επιστημονικής φαντασίας, όχι ακριβώς κατασκοπευτικό, αλλά κάτι ανάμεσα. Μου θύμισε λίγο Τζον Λε Καρέ και λίγο Φίλιπ Ντικ. Η όλη ιστορία διαδραματίζεται κατά τη δι [...]

    Jlawrence
    Fortunately this second book in my 'read selected Hugo winners and nominees' projects succeeds where the first (Clement's Mission of Gravity) didn't: it's gripping, well-paced, solidly written, and has an intriguing main character who's portrayed with some depth.It's a Cold War situation: a prominent U.S. scientist, Martino, is whisked away by undercover Soviet agents when the top-secret project he was working on for the Allies blows up on him. When he's returned to the Allies, they find his hor [...]

    Timothy
    3 1/2 stars.After an accidental explosion in his experimental lab near a Communist border, Lucas Martino is captured by the Russians. When he is returned to the allied sphere four months later, the questions begin: What, if anything, did Martino tell them about his top-secret research project? Where do Martino's loyalties now lie? Is this even the real Martino or a Soviet double?It is this last question that is the real meat of the story, because what the Russians returned was only part human an [...]

    Stuart
    More espionage thriller than science fiction. The story concerns a scientist injured in a lab experiment, captured by the Soviets, and bring him back to life using advanced medical technology that leaves him unrecognizable. The Allies demand his return, but the cybernetic stranger who is delivered to them can not be definitively identified as their man. The question of the book is "Who" is the man?The mystery starts off well, but is dragged down through introspective scenes of the scientist's pa [...]

    Brian
    It's the cold war. The world is split in two. Those damn commies and, those that go by another name. There's really no bad side. It's just that the two sides don't like each otherAnyway. Scientific experiment next to border. Explosion. Nerdy scientist taken by the damn commies. Released a few months later looking like half a machine. The world that goes by another name can't decide if he's a plant or the real man. Thus Who?The story is kind of dated, but damn I do like the way Budrys can create [...]

    Philipp
    In the future (now kind of alternative past?), there's just a Soviet Union and an Allied sphere, and the two are still waging a cold war. An American scientist disappears during an explosion and re-appears as some kind of cyborg, saved by the Soviets and brought back to the Allied forces. Of course they don't trust that it's actually him, it's a brain in a machine with one machine arm and one human arm carrying the correct fingerprints, how would you prove that this is actually the person who he [...]

    Raj
    Lucas Martino is one of the West's greatest physicists, working on the highly experimental K-eighty-eight. An explosion in the lab changes all that, as the Russians get to him first and keep him for four months. When he is returned he's as good as new except for the metal replacement head they've given him. His Western masters are left with a dilemma: how can they tell that the man behind the metal head is Martino?This is an intriguing novel of identity, although it shows its age both through it [...]

    Nerine Dorman
    This is another story that’s fascinating to read in the aftermath of the Cold War. Lucas Martino was a genius scientist working on a top-secret project near the enemy lines when things went awry, and he was horribly injured in the resultant explosion. This was exactly the gap the Soviets were looking for, and they picked him up, and patched him up. The only complication for him was that he was almost unidentifiable—much of him had become mechanical. Now he became a bone of contention between [...]

    Andrew
    This is an intriguing book - very much reflecting the era that it was written in - but when you look at its context its just if not more relevant today. Again without giving away spoilers- it addresses the idea of personal identity and what you have to do to prove you are who you say you are and in fact how the world perceives you when it is called in to doubt. In the book it takes massive facial and physical reconstructions but in todays digital age a similar level of skepticism can be thrown w [...]

    Gcoritsidis
    "Who?" is a fun, though dated, cold war scifi read. Released in 1958, a year after Sputnik's launch, it revolves around a bad accident that occurs in the lab of a western scientist working on a top secret project/weapon. The lab is located very near the border of the eastern bloc (it's a futuristic western v. eastern bloc world) and the Reds get to the scientist first, spiriting him across the border. He is returned as a half-man/half-robot amalgam (necessary it is claimed b/c of the accident) w [...]

    Kevin
    Burdys demonstrates a flair for characterization, but the by-the-numbers espionage plot is really kind of weak. The problem, is, the character of Lucas Martino ought to have been the protagonist; it is frustratingly perverse that he is not, as this is his story. Disfigured in a lab accident, Martino is rescued by Soviet forces hoping to glean information about a top secret project of his conception. So extensive are his injuries that much of his body must be replaced with robotic parts. When he [...]

    Brian Berrett
    I read this as part of the Library of America's American Science Fiction. This story is in the second volume. I've been very pleased with all the stories. This story focuses on an American scientist who was injured in a blast and captured by the soviets. He is badly injured and they reconstruct him using advanced science including a nice, brand new metal head. His face, now metal, can show no expression. He is ultimately returned to the allies and they must figure out if he is who he claims to b [...]

    Matthew
    Excellent cold war era sci-fi. The only critical comment I can make is that it showed, in places, obvious signs of being a short story that was expanded into a novel.

    Paul
    A bizarre conceit to study identity, and not very deep.

    Jaq Greenspon
    A fascinating look at the meaning of identity and cold war paranoia.

    Sharon Barrow Wilfong
    This is probably one of the best science fiction stories I've ever read. I know it's cliche to say, but I literally read this on the edge of my seat with a finger knuckle in my mouth. I'll briefly break down why I liked it so much, but first a synopsis.Intelligence man Rogers and the Foreign Ministry man are waiting at the border of a Soviet Union check point. They are waiting to receive a scientist from the west who, while working on the classified K-88, was critically injured through an explos [...]

    Dalen
    This was an interesting book. I had never heard of Algis Budrys before, so I didn't know what to expect of the novel in the American Science Fiction collection. I liked this one, even though the setting is clearly a product of the Cold War. The questions it asks about identity and what makes up a man were good, and the story did a good job of keeping me interested and sympathetic towards the metal man. The non-linear storytelling worked pretty well, and the slow tragedy that unfolded worked well [...]

    • [PDF] Download ↠ Who? | by ✓ Algis Budrys
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      Posted by:Algis Budrys
      Published :2018-04-13T22:14:04+00:00