[PDF] ´ Unlimited Ð The Academic Revolution : by David Riesman ✓
The Academic Revolution describes the rise to power of professional scholars and scientists, first in America s leading universities and now in the larger society as well Without attempting a full scale history of American higher education, it outlines a theory about its development and present status It is illustrated with firsthand observations of a wide variety of colThe Academic Revolution describes the rise to power of professional scholars and scientists, first in America s leading universities and now in the larger society as well Without attempting a full scale history of American higher education, it outlines a theory about its development and present status It is illustrated with firsthand observations of a wide variety of colleges and universities the country over colleges for the rich and colleges for the upwardly mobile colleges for vocationally oriented men and colleges for intellectually and socially oriented women colleges for Catholics and colleges for Protestants colleges for blacks and colleges for rebellious whites The authors also look at some of the revolution s consequences They see it as intensifying conflict between young and old, and provoking young people raised in permissive, middle class homes to attacks on the legitimacy of adult authority In the process, the revolution subtly transformed the kinds of work to which talented young people aspire, contributing to the decline of entrepreneurship and the rise of professionalism They conclude that mass higher education, for all its advantages, has had no measurable effect on the rate of social mobility or the degree of equality in American society Jencks and Riesman are not nostalgic their description of the nineteenth century liberal arts colleges is corrosively critical They maintain that American students know than ever before, that their teachers are competent and stimulating than in earlier times, and that the American system of higher education has brought the American people to an unprecedented level of academic competence But while they regard the academic revolution as having been an historically necessary and progressive step, they argue that, like all revolutions, it can devour its children For Jencks and Riesman, academic professionalism is an advance over amateur gentility, but they warn of its dangers and limitations the elitism and arrogance implicit in meritocracy, the myopia that derives from a strictly academic view of human experience and understanding, the complacency that comes from making technical competence an end rather than a means.
David Riesman born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, September 22, 1909 died in Binghamton, New York, May 10, 2002 , was a United States sociologist, attorney, and educator.After graduating from Harvard Law School, where he was a member of the Harvard Law Review, Riesman clerked for Supreme Court Justice Louis Brandeis from 1935 1936 He also taught at the University of Buffalo Law School.Riesman s 1950 book, The Lonely Crowd, a sociological study of modern conformity, which postulates the existence of the inner directed and other directed personalities Riesman argues that the character of post WWII American society impels individuals to other directedness , the preeminent example being modern suburbia, where individuals seek their neighbors approval and fear being outcast from their community This lifestyle has a coercive effect, which compels people to abandon inner direction of their lives, and induces them to take on the goals, ideology, likes, and dislikes of their community Ironically, this creates a tightly grouped crowd of people that is yet incapable of truly fulfilling each other s desire for companionship The book is considered a landmark study of American character Riesman was a major public intellectual as well as a sociologist, representing an early example of what sociologists now call public sociology.
[PDF] ´ Unlimited Ð The Academic Revolution : by David Riesman ✓ David Riesman
Title: [PDF] ´ Unlimited Ð The Academic Revolution : by David Riesman ✓