[PDF] á Unlimited ✓ On Killing : by Dave Grossman ñ
The good news is that the vast majority of soldiers are loath to kill in battle Unfortunately, modern armies, using Pavlovian and operant conditioning, have developed sophisticated ways of overcoming this instinctive aversion The psychological cost for soldiers, as witnessed by the increase in post traumatic stress, is devastating The psychological cost for the rest ofThe good news is that the vast majority of soldiers are loath to kill in battle Unfortunately, modern armies, using Pavlovian and operant conditioning, have developed sophisticated ways of overcoming this instinctive aversion The psychological cost for soldiers, as witnessed by the increase in post traumatic stress, is devastating The psychological cost for the rest of us is even so contemporary civilian society, particularly the media, replicates the army s conditioning techniques and, according to Grossman s controversial thesis, is responsible for our rising rate of murder and violence, especially among the young ON KILLING is an important study of the techniques the military uses to overcome the powerful reluctance to kill, of how killing affects the soldier, and of the societal implications of escalating violence.
Lt Col Dave Grossman is the author of On Killing and On Combat as well as several science fiction books.In 1998 Lt Colonel Grossman retired from the military as Professor of Military Science at Arkansas State University His career includes service in the United States Army as a sergeant in the U.S 82nd Airborne Division, a platoon leader in the 9th Infantry Division United States , a general staff officer, a company commander in the 7th Infantry Division United States as well as the U.S Army Rangers and a teacher of psychology at West Point.Grossman s first book, On Killing The Psychological Cost of Learning to Kill in War and Society is an analysis of the physiological processes involved with killing another human being In it, he reveals evidence that most people have a phobic level response to violence, and that soldiers need to be specifically trained to kill In addition, he details the physical effects that violent stresses produce on humans, ranging from tunnel vision, changes in sonic perception, and post traumatic stress disorder.Grossman argues that the techniques used by armies to train soldiers to kill are mirrored in certain types of video games The conclusion he draws is that playing violent video games, particularly Light gun shooters of the First person shooter variety where the player holds a weapon like game controller , train children in the use of weapons and, importantly, harden them emotionally to the task of murder by simulating the killing of hundreds or thousands of opponents in a single typical video game.His second book, On Combat The Psychology and Physiology of Deadly Conflict in War and in Peace , is an extension of the first, intended to provide coping strategies for dealing with the physiological and psychological effects of violence for people forced to kill in their line of work soldiers and police officers.Grossman uses blunt language that draws the ire of gamers during the heights of video game controversy, he was interviewed on the content of his books, and repeatedly used the term murder simulator to describe first person shooter games.Since his retirement from the Army, Grossman has founded the Killology Research Group and continues to educate law enforcement officers and soldiers in the techniques he has studied for improving outcomes in lethal encounters He also speaks at civilian events on ways to reduce violence in society and deal with the aftermath of violent events such as school shootings.
[PDF] á Unlimited ✓ On Killing : by Dave Grossman ñ 274 Dave Grossman
Title: [PDF] á Unlimited ✓ On Killing : by Dave Grossman ñ