✓ The Poems of Queen Elizabeth I || ☆ PDF Download by ✓ Elizabeth I Leicester Bradner
Elizabeth I Leicester Bradner
Queen Elizabeth I Elizabeth Tudor , known simply as Elizabeth until the accession of Elizabeth II, was queen regnant of England and Ireland from 17 November 1558 until her death Sometimes called The Virgin Queen, Gloriana, or Good Queen Bess, Elizabeth was the fifth and last monarch of the Tudor dynasty The daughter of Henry VIII, she was born a princess, but her mother, Anne Boleyn, was executed two and a half years after her birth, and Elizabeth was declared illegitimate Her half brother, Edward VI, bequeathed the crown to Lady Jane Grey, cutting his two half sisters, Elizabeth and the Catholic Mary, out of the succession in spite of statute law to the contrary His will was set aside, Mary became queen, and Lady Jane Grey was executed In 1558, Elizabeth succeeded her half sister, during whose reign she had been imprisoned for nearly a year on suspicion of supporting Protestant rebels.Elizabeth set out to rule by good counsel, and she depended heavily on a group of trusted advisers led by William Cecil, Baron Burghley One of her first moves as queen was the establishment of an English Protestant church, of which she became the Supreme Governor This Elizabethan Religious Settlement later evolved into today s Church of England It was expected that Elizabeth would marry and produce an heir so as to continue the Tudor line She never did, however, despite numerous courtships As she grew older, Elizabeth became famous for her virginity, and a cult grew up around her which was celebrated in the portraits, pageants, and literature of the day.Elizabeth was cautious in foreign affairs, moving between the major powers of France and Spain In the mid 1580s, war with Spain could no longer be avoided, and when Spain finally decided to attempt to conquer England in 1588, the defeat of the Spanish Armada associated her with what is popularly viewed as one of the greatest victories in English history.Elizabeth s reign is known as the Elizabethan era, famous above all for the flourishing of English drama, led by playwrights such as William Shakespeare and Christopher Marlowe, and for the seafaring prowess of English adventurers such as Sir Francis Drake Towards the end of her reign, a series of economic and military problems weakened her popularity Elizabeth is acknowledged as a charismatic performer and a dogged survivor, in an age when government was ramshackle and limited and when monarchs in neighbouring countries faced internal problems that jeopardised their thrones Such was the case with Elizabeth s rival, Mary, Queen of Scots, whom she imprisoned in 1568 and eventually had executed in 1587 After the short reigns of Elizabeth s half siblings, her 44 years on the throne provided welcome stability for the kingdom and helped forge a sense of national identity.
✓ The Poems of Queen Elizabeth I || ☆ PDF Download by ✓ Elizabeth I Leicester Bradner 212 Elizabeth I Leicester Bradner
Title: ✓ The Poems of Queen Elizabeth I || ☆ PDF Download by ✓ Elizabeth I Leicester Bradner